NY State Bar Protects Incompetent Lawyers, Not Immigrant Victims

by Jason Dzubow on March 19, 2012

As far as I can tell, the NY State Bar exists to protect incompetent and dishonest immigration attorneys.  It could care less about the immigrant victims of those attorneys.

New York has more attorneys than any other state–about 157,000 of them (as of 2010).  A disproportional number of immigration attorneys are barred in NY because it is one of the few states that allows foreign lawyers to sit for the bar (assuming they take a certain number of credit hours at a U.S. law school), and many foreign-trained attorneys practice immigration law.  Because there are so many immigration attorneys barred in New York, the NY Bar Association has a particular responsibility to protect immigrant victims of attorney malpractice. 

What other organization protects its own (and its pets) regardless of right or wrong?

Thus, when an alien (or her attorney) files a bar complaint against a New York-barred lawyer, you might think the Bar Association would take that complaint seriously.  Unfortunately, this is not the case. 

As an initial matter, it is not easy to file a bar complaint in New York.  Unlike most other states, there is no central authority where complaints are filed.  Instead, the injured client needs to determine the correct NY department with authority over the offending attorney.  This depends on where the attorney is located, but it is not always easy to figure out.  Once you know the correct department, you can file your complaint. 

On behalf of my clients, I have filed two complaints against NY-barred lawyers. 

The first was against an attorney who refused to turn over a client file because the client had not paid money allegedly owed to him.  Refusing to turn over a file is not allowed under the Rules of Professional Conduct.  After I filed the complaint, the attorney responded to Bar Counsel and threatened me with a frivolous bar complaint for the “tone” of my phone conversation and letter to him.  Threatening a frivolous complaint is not allowed either.  Nevertheless, the NY Bar saw fit to dismiss my complaint.

The second complaint did not even get that far, and was dismissed out of hand.  In that case, my client received a decision from the BIA (she lost) and the lawyer failed to inform the client–for over one year.  As you might imagine, not knowing that her case was denied caused problems for my client.  The Bar Association’s response to our complaint:

After careful review, it has been determined that the issues you raise are more appropriate for resolution by the Board of Immigration Appeals in the first instance [we had also filed a motion to reopen with the BIA, but they are not responsible for attorney discipline].  Therefore, although we appreciate your effort, we are unable to assist you.

How nice that they appreciate our effort.  Further, we did not file the complaint so that the Bar Association could “assist us.”  We filed the complaint because the attorney violated her duty to inform my client about the result of the appeal, and because such a complaint is required to reopen the immigration case.  If she did this to our client, likely she has done it to others.  The Bar Association should be as concerned (or more concerned) about protecting potential future victims of this attorney than it is about “assisting” my client.  But obviously, they do not care about my client or about any potential future victims. 

To their credit, the Bar Association did an excellent job of protecting the incompetent lawyer.  They did not even require her to make a response to our complaint.  Thank goodness that the attorney was not inconvenienced by having to spend time explaining her bad conduct.  Better, she should use that time to rip off other immigrants.   With all the money she makes, I hope she remembers to bay her bar dues–she certainly owes them for protecting her. 

Despite my annoyance at the general failure of the New York Bar to protect immigrants, there are some resources available.  You can contact the Attorney Grievance Committees.  You can also contact the Immigrant Affairs Program of the District Attorney’s Office for the City of New York.  For the sake of future immigrant (and non-immigrant) victims, we can only hope that the NY Bar Association will one day recognize its responsibility to protect the public, and not just its own members.

{ 8 comments… read them below or add one }

armande gil April 20, 2017 at 9:52 am

Hi, My lawyer committed serious malpractice on my case that caused me more than 365 days of unlawful presence without being aware as well as being dismissed from my job. It is almost 6 months that I have asked the attorney for my whole file and he ignores my requests. I have no debt with him. Unfortunately, I paid all my attorney fees. I complained to NY bar and they dismissed my case arguing that it is better fought in court. They did not even requested the lawyer to send my file nor asked him to explain the serious negligence I was subjected to. I find myself unlawfully present, with no income and no health insurance and the NY bar cannot careless. In other words, they only add another lawyer of victimization and a sense of injustice and distrust of the legal profession. I do not understand why the NY bar’s decision have no investigation.


Jason Dzubow April 20, 2017 at 2:51 pm

I think we already talked, but I agree 100% with what you say. The NY bar should actually protect immigrants instead of only protecting incompetent and fraudulent lawyers. Take care, Jason


Jaydee May 30, 2014 at 11:17 am


In New York, attorney can put a retaining lien upon the case file if client’s account has not been paid in full. Of course there are some restrictioins though,


Kevin September 29, 2013 at 3:07 pm

looking for official and or unofficial complaints or any dirt on albany ny attorneys [redacted]

[we do not allow unsubstantiated accusations against people on this blog]


Caprice July 21, 2013 at 4:22 am

My name is Caprice, and I am a doctoral candidate at a NYS college. I am conducting a study on the experience of dissatisfied consumers of legal services in Manhattan, NY, and I am currently looking for participants who have been dissatisfied consumers of retained (paid) legal services of a Manhattan, NY attorney within the past ten years (2002-present).

All participants will remain completely anonymous, and will receive a $50 gift card as a small token of appreciation for their time and consideration.

The study consists of an interview that will last 45 mins to one hour, for just one day, and will take place July 31 at a small church on 131st Street (for safety and privacy). Accommodations can also be made for a time and location of a participant’s choice.

For any questions or to express interest, please call Caprice at 917 733-3582 or e-mail NY907@aol.com.

Note: Must have proof of retained Manhattan, NY legal service within the past ten years for eligibility.

Thank you so much for your assistance,



ed March 29, 2013 at 5:47 pm

lisa are you joking!

Everyone knows that bar assoc committees receive the complaints
against attorneys


Lise Bang-Jensen March 26, 2012 at 6:02 pm

To the Editor:

The New York State Bar Association created a Special Committee on Immigration Representation, because it recognizes that many noncitizens lack adequate legal assistance when facing potential detention, deportation or permanent expulsion. After an extensive study, the committee will recommend ways to enhance the quality and availability of legal representation in immigration cases.

So it comes as a surprise that Jason Dzubow, in a recent blog, would criticize the Association for failing to protect immigrants from incompetent attorneys. At the heart of Mr. Dzubow’s complaint is a misunderstanding of attorney disciplinary practices in New York.

Unlike bar associations in many states, the New York State Bar Association does not have the authority to admit or discipline attorneys. That power is vested with the state court system.

Grievances against attorneys are handled by disciplinary committees in each of New York’s four Appellate Departments. For further information, see

Lise Bang-Jensen
Director, Media Services and Public Affairs
New York State Bar Association
Albany, NY


Jason Dzubow March 26, 2012 at 10:31 pm

I stand corrected – it seems I carelessly confused the Bar Association, which does not have the power to discipline, with the NY Courts, which do have that power, but do not use their power to protect immigrants. My apologies for the error.


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